Offering tangible personal property for sale on an online marketplace will generally not, by itself, cause an out-of-state retailer to be engaged in business in California, even if the marketplace operator is located in California. Generally, the use by an out-of-state retailer of a website hosted on servers located in California will not cause the retailer to be engaged in business in California. However, an out-of-state retailer that stores tangible personal property in California, including at a fulfillment center owned and operated by a third-party is engaged in business in California.

On June 21, 2018, the United States Supreme Court fundamentally changed the rules for collection of sales tax by Internet-based retailers. In its decision in South Dakota v. Wayfair Inc., the Court effectively stated that individual states can require online sellers to collect state sales tax on their sales. This ruling overturns the Court’s 1992 decision in Quill Corporation v. North Dakota. The Quill case prohibited states from requiring a business to collect sales tax unless the business had a physical presence in the state.

There’s no avoiding it: internet marketing is critical for the success of your business in 2018. But with all the gimmicks and tricks, it can be difficult to distinguish short-term wins from effective long-term strategies, which is why we’ve created an ultimate guide. Here, we’ll cover everything from marketing strategies to real-world examples, to ensure your business reaches the right people out of that four billion.
1995: Thursday 27 April 1995, the purchase of a book by Paul Stanfield, Product Manager for CompuServe UK, from W H Smith's shop within CompuServe's UK Shopping Centre is the UK's first national online shopping service secure transaction. The shopping service at launch featured W H Smith, Tesco, Virgin Megastores/Our Price, Great Universal Stores (GUS), Interflora, Dixons Retail, Past Times, PC World (retailer) and Innovations.
The third and final stage requires the firm to set a budget and management systems; these must be measurable touchpoints, such as audience reached across all digital platforms. Furthermore, marketers must ensure the budget and management systems are integrating the paid, owned and earned media of the company.[67] The Action and final stage of planning also requires the company to set in place measurable content creation e.g. oral, visual or written online media.[68]
The type of contacts referenced in 830 CMR 64H.1.7(1)(b)2.a. through c. will generally establish state sales or use tax jurisdiction in the case of a non-Internet vendor when the U.S. constitutional requirements are met.  Thus, for example, a non-Internet vendor may be subject to sales or use tax jurisdiction based upon the in-state ownership or use of computer software or hardware, or the receipt of in-state services provided by a marketplace facilitator or delivery company.  The jurisdictional analysis in these cases is a facts and circumstances test.
E-commerce helps create new job opportunities due to information related services, software app and digital products. It also causes job losses. The areas with the greatest predicted job-loss are retail, postal, and travel agencies. The development of e-commerce will create jobs that require highly skilled workers to manage large amounts of information, customer demands, and production processes. In contrast, people with poor technical skills cannot enjoy the wages welfare. On the other hand, because e-commerce requires sufficient stocks that could be delivered to customers in time, the warehouse becomes an important element. Warehouse needs more staff to manage, supervise and organize, thus the condition of warehouse environment will be concerned by employees.[18]

Another disadvantage is that even an individual or small group of people can harm image of an established brand. For instance Dopplegnager is a term that is used to disapprove an image about a certain brand that is spread by anti-brand activists, bloggers, and opinion leaders. The word Doppelganger is a combination of two German words Doppel (double) and Ganger (walker), thus it means double walker or as in English it is said alter ego. Generally brand creates images for itself to emotionally appeal to their customers. However some would disagree with this image and make alterations to this image and present in funny or cynical way, hence distorting the brand image, hence creating a Doppelganger image, blog or content (Rindfleisch, 2016).


Among emerging economies, China's e-commerce presence continues to expand every year. With 668 million Internet users, China's online shopping sales reached $253 billion in the first half of 2015, accounting for 10% of total Chinese consumer retail sales in that period.[43] The Chinese retailers have been able to help consumers feel more comfortable shopping online.[44] e-commerce transactions between China and other countries increased 32% to 2.3 trillion yuan ($375.8 billion) in 2012 and accounted for 9.6% of China's total international trade.[45] In 2013, Alibaba had an e-commerce market share of 80% in China.[46] In 2014, there were 600 million Internet users in China (twice as many as in the US), making it the world's biggest online market.[47] China is also the largest e-commerce market in the world by value of sales, with an estimated US$899 billion in 2016.[48]
Some companies voluntarily collect the Texas use tax, while others must collect it because they have some form of physical representation in Texas. An out-of-state seller is not required to collect Texas tax if the seller only conducts business in Texas from out-of-state by mail, telephone, or via the Internet, but this seller can choose to apply for a permit and voluntarily collect Texas tax from its Texas customers. On the other hand, an out-of-state seller must get a Texas permit and collect Texas tax if the seller has Texas outlets, Texas salespersons, or otherwise comes into Texas to conduct business, such as soliciting sales, performing services, or making deliveries. The Comptroller's office closely monitors out-of-state sellers to make sure they properly report and remit the tax they collect.
Software.  A set of coded instructions designed to cause a computer or other physical communications device or automatic data processing equipment to perform a task, including, but not limited to, native or mobile applications (“apps”) that are downloaded and run on computers or other physical communications devices, and web applications or dynamic web pages in which the coded instructions, such as JavaScript, are downloaded, executed, and run on web browsers.
For basic guidance on how physical presence is defined under Texas law, consult Section 151.107 of the Texas Tax Code (Tax Law), which provides a variety of definitions for “RETAILER ENGAGED IN BUSINESS IN THIS STATE.” The first of the statutory definitions refers to maintaining a place of business in the state directly, or indirectly or through a subsidiary or agent. The fifth definition acts as something of a catch-all, by stating that a retailer who solicits orders by mail or other media can be required to collect and pay sales tax if permitted by federal law.
Culp, the Smart Furniture founder, agrees that the lack of clarity is what hurts businesses the most. "I suspect most Americans would agree that both the burden and the benefit of taxes should be shared fairly," he continues. "What freaks online retailers out is less having to pay the taxes, and more having to manage the new burdens of thousands of tax jurisdictions, myriad filings, and compliance at a scale they cannot administer."

The first hurdle for online retailers is determining whether or not they’re even capable of scaling their finance and tax departments to collect this tax. All told, there are more than 15,000 different taxing jurisdictions in the U.S., consisting of labyrinthine mix of city, county, federal and state-level taxes, many of which apply different rates to different categories of products and can vary based on what side of the street a customer lives on.
Internet sales made by out-of-state retailers to California customers are also treated no differently than other remote sales made to California customers. Generally, remote sales by out-of-state retailers to California customers, whether made over the Internet, by telephone, or mail order, take place outside of California because the property is delivered to a common carrier outside the state for shipment into California, and are, therefore, not subject to sales tax. However, California customers do owe the use tax on those sales, unless a specific tax exemption or exclusion applies. Out-of-state retailers that are engaged in business in California are required to register with the California State Board of Equalization (BOE), collect the use tax from California customers, and pay the tax to the BOE.
Jim Boykin blows my mind every time I talk to him. I have been doing SEO for 15 years and yet I am amazed at the deep stuff Jim comes up with. Simply amazing insights and always on the cutting edge. He cuts through the BS and tells you what really works and what doesn't. After our chat, I grabbed my main SEO guy and took him to lunch and said "you have to help me process all this new info..." I was literally pacing around the room...I have so many new ideas to experiment with that I would never have stumbled onto on my own. He is the Michael Jordan or the Jerry Garcia of links...Hope to go to NY again to Jim's amazing SEO classes. Thanks Jim! Michael G.
(a)   Prospective Tax Periods.  830 CMR 64H.1.7(3) applies to Internet vendors with a principal place of business located outside the state that are not otherwise subject to tax. For tax periods commencing subsequent to September 22, 2017, however, an Internet vendor may be subject to tax other than by reason of the contacts referenced in 830 CMR 64H.1.7(1)(b)2.a. through c., in which case 830 CMR 64H.1.7(3) does not apply. For example, for purposes of illustration only, an Internet vendor with a principal place of business located outside the state might :  1. own or maintain inventory or other property in the state; or  2. contract with an in-state representative (including a related person) other than as referenced in 830 CMR 64H.1.7(1)(b)2.a. through c., and thereby create state sales or use tax jurisdiction.  In these cases, the Internet vendor is subject to tax on all of its Massachusetts sales for the tax periods in question.

Your social media strategy is more than just a Facebook profile or Twitter feed. When executed correctly, social media is a powerful customer engagement engine and web traffic driver. It’s easy to get sucked into the hype and create profiles on every single social site. This is the wrong approach. What you should do instead is to focus on a few key channels where your brand is most likely to reach key customers and prospects. This chapter will teach you how to make that judgment call.


Online reviews have become one of the most important components in purchasing decisions by consumers in North America. According to a survey conducted by Dimensional Research which included over 1000 participants, 90% of respondents said that positive online reviews influenced their buying decisions and 94% will use a business with at least four stars. Interestingly, negative reviews typically came from online review sites whereas Facebook was the main source of positive reviews. Forrester Research predicts that by 2020, 42% of in-store sales will be from customers who are influenced by web product research.

4.  Internet Tax Freedom Act (“ITFA”), Codified as Note to 47 U.S.C. § 151.  ITFA contains certain prohibitions on state taxation of e-commerce transactions.  Among other things, it prohibits discriminatory taxation of e-commerce transactions and prohibits a state from asserting jurisdiction over an Internet vendor on the basis of certain specific factors.  830 CMR 64H.1.7 is non-discriminatory because it asserts jurisdiction over all vendors (Internet or non-Internet) who have the contacts identified in 830 CMR 64H.1.7(1)(b)2.a. through c. and applies the same jurisdictional standards to all vendors (Internet or non-Internet) that are otherwise subject to tax. See 830 CMR 64H.1.7(3), (5) and (6).  Further, 830 CMR 64H.1.7(3) does not assert jurisdiction based on the prohibited factors referenced in ITFA.  See 830 CMR 64H.1.7(4).
Establishment of customer exclusivity: A list of customers and customer's details should be kept on a database for follow up and selected customers can be sent selected offers and promotions of deals related to the customer's previous buyer behaviour. This is effective in digital marketing as it allows organisations to build up loyalty over email.[22]
However, before learning any of that, it's important that you get a lay of the land, so to speak. If you truly want to understand the field of internet marketing, Sharpe has some very good points. In essence there are four overall steps to really understanding internet marketing and leveraging the industry to make money online. Depending on where you are with your education, you'll be somewhere along the lines of these four steps.

Some online marketplace operators display the property of various sellers, process the sellers’ transactions and provide various other services, but the terms of sale dictate and the receipts and other documents related to the sales reflect that the consumers are purchasing the property directly from the sellers. In these instances, the marketplace operators are generally just providing a service, and the seller that lists the property on the marketplace is the retailer making a retail sale to the consumer.
Digital marketing's development since the 1990s and 2000s has changed the way brands and businesses use technology for marketing.[2] As digital platforms are increasingly incorporated into marketing plans and everyday life,[3] and as people use digital devices instead of visiting physical shops,[4][5] digital marketing campaigns are becoming more prevalent and efficient.
It is increasingly advantageous for companies to use social media platforms to connect with their customers and create these dialogues and discussions. The potential reach of social media is indicated by the fact that in 2015, each month the Facebook app had more than 126 million average unique users and YouTube had over 97 million average unique users.[27]
Social media marketing on its own is free to use, as is content marketing if you’re creating and managing the content yourself. Several email marketing platforms have free plans for your first few hundred or thousand subscribers, giving you time to get your revenue increasing before you have to start paying. There are even free keyword research tools like Google’s Keyword Planner that can help you optimize your site at no cost.
Additionally, the bill would provide small businesses with some breathing room. It allows a generous $10 million exemption for small businesses, meaning any seller that generates less than $10 million in sales a year would not be affected by online sales taxes. The provision remains in place until the states can create a compact to be approved by Congress where such a waiver is unnecessary.
The Wayfair ruling could also have wide-ranging consequences for marketplaces such as Amazon and Etsy, where the companies already collect sales tax on their own products, but not on behalf of third-party sellers. This brings up the question of whether marketplaces will now step in to absorb the cost of collecting sales tax on behalf of partner retailers. In some states, notes Barrett, "marketplace facilitator legislation would require the Amazons and the Etsys to collect sales tax on their behalf. In some respects, that would be easier for the smaller sellers," she adds. Still, it's conceivable that marketplaces could refuse to do so in other states--or sell hefty compliance assistance packages that would hurt their sellers, she suggests.

Passing legislation that prohibits an internet sales tax would be the best course. But if there isn’t enough political will in Congress to do the right thing to protect taxpayers and consumers, which is too often the case, members should listen to the concerns of their constituents who are small business owners and craft legislation that immediately protects these crucial entrepreneurs from onerous taxes and helps them thrive and sets a responsible tax system.

As for Amazon, which has been fast building its own last-mile delivery network and expanding into physical retail with the acquisition of Whole Foods and the openings of Amazon Go and Amazon Books, the ruling likely won't have any impact because Amazon already collects sales tax on its first-party sales in all 45 states that have a state-imposed sales tax.
(b)   A provider of Internet access service or online services (a “provider”) is not deemed to be the agent of a vendor for purposes of determining the application of 830 CMR 64H.1.7(3) to such vendor solely as a result of:  1. the display of such vendor’s information or content on the provider’s out-of-state computer server, or  2. the processing of orders through the provider’s out-of-state computer server.  See id.
At the federal level Congress has repeatedly considered legislation that would affect large Internet retailers and how online sales taxes are collected in all states. The most recent form of a proposed federal law is the Marketplace Fairness Act of 2015. As in previous versions, the 2015 Act would allow states to require sellers not physically located in their state to collect taxes on online and catalog sales made to people in their state. Sellers that make $1 million or less in annual sales and have no physical presence in the state would be exempt from this requirement. States would have to meet certain criteria to simplify their sales tax laws and make sales tax collection easier before they could require sellers to collect the tax.
Not all states are cheering the Supreme Court's ruling. Officials in New Hampshire, which doesn't have a sales tax, say the decision could force its businesses to collect taxes for other states. Republican Gov. Chris Sununu and Democratic lawmakers also said the ruling will create red tape that hinders the ability of small businesses to grow and create jobs.
In reality this is one of the tactics that many scam websites use called false scarcity. It’s basically lying about how many spots you have left in the program, or if this was an e-book (it’s not) lying about how many copies you are going to give away. The real truth is that there are UNLIMITED spots available for Massive Internet Profits because this scam is being promoted by many affiliates all around the world who are looking to make a quick buck. 100’s of people will be signing up to this scam each week and every person that does will see the same BS message that there are limited spots. Chances are every single person will see “only 12 spots remaining”.
Conversion rate optimization is all about testing. Many companies get too bogged down in design and what they think looks best and will convert. At the end of the day, you don’t know until you test. At IMI, we have the tools, technology, and expertise to not only build well-optimized web pages but to test them once they go live. Our conversion rate optimization can not only save our client’s money but generate millions in revenue.
×