Among emerging economies, China's e-commerce presence continues to expand every year. With 668 million Internet users, China's online shopping sales reached $253 billion in the first half of 2015, accounting for 10% of total Chinese consumer retail sales in that period.[43] The Chinese retailers have been able to help consumers feel more comfortable shopping online.[44] e-commerce transactions between China and other countries increased 32% to 2.3 trillion yuan ($375.8 billion) in 2012 and accounted for 9.6% of China's total international trade.[45] In 2013, Alibaba had an e-commerce market share of 80% in China.[46] In 2014, there were 600 million Internet users in China (twice as many as in the US), making it the world's biggest online market.[47] China is also the largest e-commerce market in the world by value of sales, with an estimated US$899 billion in 2016.[48]
You’ve launched an amazing product or service. Now what? Now, you need to get the word out. When done well, good PR can be much more effective and less expensive than advertising. Regardless of whether you want to hire a fancy agency or awesome consultant, make sure that you know what you’re doing and what types of ROI to expect. Relationships are the heart and soul of PR. This chapter will teach you how to ignore the noise and focus on substantive, measurable results.
The type of contacts referenced in 830 CMR 64H.1.7(1)(b)2.a. through c. will generally establish state sales or use tax jurisdiction in the case of a non-Internet vendor when the U.S. constitutional requirements are met.  Thus, for example, a non-Internet vendor may be subject to sales or use tax jurisdiction based upon the in-state ownership or use of computer software or hardware, or the receipt of in-state services provided by a marketplace facilitator or delivery company.  The jurisdictional analysis in these cases is a facts and circumstances test.
You do not need to collect sales tax on items you deliver directly to out-of-state locations. To document such a sale, your records must include proof of delivery, such as a bill of lading, a shipping invoice or a postal receipt. You may have to collect tax in another state if you are engaged in business there. You should contact the states where you buy or ship merchandise to find out if you are responsible for paying or collecting their taxes. The Multistate Tax Commission has a useful website at http://www.mtc.gov with links to the tax websites of other states.
(a)   Statement of Purpose.  The purpose of 830 CMR 64H.1.7 is to explain how the general sales and use tax jurisdictional standard set forth in M.G.L. chs. 64H and 64I applies to vendors making Internet sales, taking into consideration the relevant provisions of the U.S. constitution and federal law. 830 CMR 64H.1.7 includes an explanation of the circumstances under which certain Internet vendors with a principal place of business located outside the state are required to register, collect and remit Massachusetts sales or use tax as set forth in M.G.L. chs. 64H and 64I.
It is increasingly advantageous for companies to use social media platforms to connect with their customers and create these dialogues and discussions. The potential reach of social media is indicated by the fact that in 2015, each month the Facebook app had more than 126 million average unique users and YouTube had over 97 million average unique users.[27]
Your sale of electronic data products such as software, data, digital books (eBooks), mobile applications, and digital images is generally not taxable when you transmit the data to your customer over the Internet or by modem. However, if as part of the sale you provide your customer with a printed copy of the electronically transferred information or a backup data copy on a physical storage medium such as a CD-ROM, your entire sale is usually taxable.
However, that has not necessarily been the case for affiliate sellers on Amazon. Because these sellers didn’t have a physical presence in many, or in some cases any, areas where their products were sold, they often did not charge sales tax. But now that they are required to, it may not be that easy for those sellers to just flick a switch and become compliant.
Several states have crafted internet sales tax legislation, which has produced lawsuits by online sellers like Wayfair and Overstock. As a test case, South Dakota has petitioned the U.S. Supreme Court to revisit the Quill case. Specifically, S. Dakota asked  the U.S. Supreme Court "to overrule Quill’s physical-presence requirement which currently prevents the State from requiring out-of-state retailers to remit taxes for sales made within South Dakota."
Transaction.  A sale of tangible personal property or a service. The transactions of an Internet vendor include all such vendor’s transactions for tangible personal property or a service, however consummated, including transactions completed on a website operated by (a) such vendor; (b) a related person, or (c) a contract party, including a marketplace facilitator.
Is a member of a commonly-controlled group and combined reporting group and a member of the retailer’s commonly-controlled group and combined reporting group perform services under an agreement with the retailer or in cooperation with the retailer in California that help the retailer establish or maintain a California market for sales of tangible personal property.
The internet is full of business potential, but it is also rife with competition. In this situation, it becomes really tough to sell your products or services. Affiliate marketing can help you effectively promote your product on the web. By helping you reach out to a large potential customer base, affiliate programs help you to connect with millions of customers across the globe.
Software.  A set of coded instructions designed to cause a computer or other physical communications device or automatic data processing equipment to perform a task, including, but not limited to, native or mobile applications (“apps”) that are downloaded and run on computers or other physical communications devices, and web applications or dynamic web pages in which the coded instructions, such as JavaScript, are downloaded, executed, and run on web browsers.
Another disadvantage is that even an individual or small group of people can harm image of an established brand. For instance Dopplegnager is a term that is used to disapprove an image about a certain brand that is spread by anti-brand activists, bloggers, and opinion leaders. The word Doppelganger is a combination of two German words Doppel (double) and Ganger (walker), thus it means double walker or as in English it is said alter ego. Generally brand creates images for itself to emotionally appeal to their customers. However some would disagree with this image and make alterations to this image and present in funny or cynical way, hence distorting the brand image, hence creating a Doppelganger image, blog or content (Rindfleisch, 2016).
Once you understand how everything works, and your expectations are set the right way, decide what you want to do. Do you want to become an affiliate marketer? Do you want to be a network marketer? Do you want to become a blogger and sell your own products? Squeeze pages, which are glorified sales pages that attract people and direct their attention towards a single action of providing their email address, are created in a variety of methods. The better they are, the more likely they'll convert.
Online reviews have become one of the most important components in purchasing decisions by consumers in North America. According to a survey conducted by Dimensional Research which included over 1000 participants, 90% of respondents said that positive online reviews influenced their buying decisions and 94% will use a business with at least four stars. Interestingly, negative reviews typically came from online review sites whereas Facebook was the main source of positive reviews. Forrester Research predicts that by 2020, 42% of in-store sales will be from customers who are influenced by web product research.
A fulfillment center is a location, generally a warehouse facility, where orders for tangible personal property are received, packaged, and picked up by common carrier for shipment to the customer. Some sellers use their own fulfillment centers to fulfill all of their orders, including orders processed by marketplace operators. Other sellers contract with a third-party that operates a fulfillment center (fulfillment center operator) to fulfill their orders. In some instances, the fulfillment center operator is a retailer itself that provides fulfillment services to third-party sellers at the same facilities from which it ships its own products.
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The other important factor in this equation is that the variables keep changing. It’s not like you can build a massive spreadsheet today and be ready for business tomorrow. Many states who were watching the Supreme Court case from the sidelines are about to pass new legislation. Six of them – Illinois, Iowa, Connecticut, Hawaii, Kentucky, and Vermont – already had laws in the works prior to the Supreme Court decision that were loosely modeled on the South Dakota law, and are slated to go into effect by January of next year. Others, such as Washington, emboldened by the Court’s decision, quickly introduced new legislation. Washington’s Department of Revenue announced the state’s new tax on out-of-state retailers on August 3 which will take effect on October 1 of this year.

2,  Dormant Commerce Clause. The provisions of M.G.L. c. 64H, § 1 are enforced to the extent allowed by the “physical presence” dormant Commerce Clause standard as set forth in Quill Corp. v. North Dakota, 504 U.S. 298 (1992), where a state sought to impose a use tax collection duty on an out-of-state mail order vendor on sales of tangible personal property shipped into the state. Unlike the mail order vendor at issue in Quill, Internet vendors with a large volume of Massachusetts sales invariably have one or more of the following contacts with the state that function to facilitate or enhance such in-state sales and constitute the requisite in-state physical presence:
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(b)   A provider of Internet access service or online services (a “provider”) is not deemed to be the agent of a vendor for purposes of determining the application of 830 CMR 64H.1.7(3) to such vendor solely as a result of:  1. the display of such vendor’s information or content on the provider’s out-of-state computer server, or  2. the processing of orders through the provider’s out-of-state computer server.  See id.
Amazon, the elephant in the room of the sales tax discussion, has changed its stand on the internet sales tax issue. Originally, the company fought to have internet sales tax imposed on purchases, but now it has distribution centers (tax nexus) in almost every states. In 2017, the company announced that it would charge sales tax on all its transactions, except for states that don't have sales tax. 
The history of sales taxes in the U.S. isn't that old. Sales taxes in the U.S. have traditionally been the right of the individual states, who started requiring merchants to charge tax on items for sale in the late 1920s and into the Great Depression. Sales taxes were seen as a way to help fund state activities in an era of low income. Today, all states except Alaska, Delaware, Montana, New Hampshire, and Oregon charge sales tax. 
“We welcome the additional clarity provided by the Court’s decision,” the online home-furnishings retailer, with sales of $4.7 billion in 2017, said in a statement. “We don’t expect (the) decision to have any noticeable impact on our business. … Wayfair has long supported a legislative solution that would establish a level playing field for brick-and-mortar and online retailers by permitting states to collect sales tax on online sales.”
Retargeting is another way that we can close the conversion loop and capitalize on the traffic gained from the overall marketing campaign. Retargeting is a very powerful display advertising tool to keep your brand top of mind and keep them coming back. We track every single touch point up to the ultimate conversions and use that data to make actionable recommendations for further campaign optimization.
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